Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects individuals in various ways. However, the general public often has a stereotypical view of what autism is and how it presents itself. Many people assume that all individuals with autism have difficulties with social skills and communication, persistent routines, and repetitive behaviors. While these are common symptoms of autism, they do not always apply to every individual with the disorder.
It is critical to recognize that autism affects each person differently. This awareness can help individuals with autism receive appropriate therapy and support. Beyond the typical symptoms that people associate with autism, there are several more complex symptoms that can also be present in individuals with the disorder.
One of the more complex symptoms of autism is hypersensitivity. People with autism may be highly sensitive to sounds, textures, smells, and other sensory inputs. This sensitivity may cause them to experience sensory overload or feel overwhelmed in loud, crowded, or new environments. The hypersensitivity may also cause them to have difficulty with touch, taste, and smell.
Another complex symptom of autism is emotional dysregulation. People with autism may have difficulty regulating their emotions or expressing their feelings appropriately. They may have meltdowns or outbursts, which can be overwhelming for both the individual and those around them. It is essential to understand the underlying reasons for these outbursts, as they are not always caused by lack of control.
Autistic individuals may also have difficulty with executive functioning. Executive functioning refers to the cognitive processes that help individuals plan, organize, and complete tasks. People with autism may struggle with tasks that require significant planning or organization, which can make completing everyday tasks challenging.
The stereotype that all individuals with autism are highly intelligent is another common misunderstanding. While some autistic individuals may have exceptional abilities in math, science, or music, many others may have an average or below-average intelligence level. This stereotype can lead to unrealistic expectations of individuals with autism and can perpetuate misunderstandings about the disorder.
It is crucial to recognize and understand these complex symptoms of autism to provide adequate support and therapy for individuals with the disorder. People with autism may present differently, and not all individuals will have the same set of symptoms. Recognizing this complexity and individuality is essential for advocating for their needs and providing them with the best possible care.