Understanding Autism in Children: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Autism is a developmental disorder that affects the social, communication, and behavioral abilities of a child. The disorder is characterized by difficulties in social interactions, communication, and repetitive behavior. Autism affects one in every 54 children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Understanding the disorder can help parents and caregivers identify its symptoms and provide the right treatment.

Causes of Autism

The cause of autism is not yet known. However, research suggests that both genetic and environmental factors may influence a child’s risk of developing the disorder. Several genes have been linked to autism, which could contribute to the cause. Additionally, exposure to environmental factors such as toxins, medications, and infections during pregnancy or early childhood may increase the risk of autism.

Symptoms of Autism

The symptoms of autism vary from person to person. However, some of the common symptoms include:

1. Delayed development: Children with autism may have delayed speech or language skills, delayed motor skills, and delayed visual or hearing skills.

2. Difficulty in social interaction: Children with autism may have difficulty understanding and expressing emotions, making eye contact, playing with others, and making friends.

3. Repetitive behavior: Children with autism may engage in repetitive behaviors such as rocking, spinning, flapping, or pacing.

4. Sensory issues: Children with autism may be hypersensitive or hyposensitive to certain stimuli such as touch, sound, or smell.


Diagnosing autism involves a comprehensive evaluation of the child’s development, behavior, and communication skills. The evaluation may include a developmental screening, a hearing test, and an evaluation by a specialist such as a developmental pediatrician, psychiatrist, or psychologist.


There is no cure for autism, but early intervention and therapy can help children with autism develop skills and manage symptoms. Some of the treatment options include:

1. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): ABA is a therapy that uses intensive, one-on-one teaching to help children learn new skills and behavior.

2. Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help children improve their communication skills.

3. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help children develop fine motor skills, self-care skills, and play skills.

4. Medication: Medication can be used to manage some of the symptoms of autism such as hyperactivity, anxiety, and depression.


Understanding autism in children is crucial in providing the right treatment and support. Identifying the symptoms of autism and seeking an evaluation from a specialist can help parents and caregivers develop a plan to manage the disorder. Early intervention and therapy can improve the quality of life for children with autism and help them reach their full potential.

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